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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Cum Ara 06, 2019 7:03 am

some mnemonics from Microbiology

Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused
NIPPLES:

Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
Impetigo
Pharyngitis
Pneumonia
Lymphangitis
Erysipelas and cellulitis

Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TS
Streptococcus pyogenes: virulence factors
SMASHED:
Streptolysins
M protein
Anti-C5a peptidase
Streptokinase
Hyaluronidase
Exotoxin
DNAses

Hepatitis: transmission routes
"Vowels are bowels":
Hepatitis A and E transmitted by fecal-oral route.

B19 virus: at-risk groups
B19 affects 3 B's:
Babies (5th disease, infectiousum erythematosa)
Black Bleeders (sickle cell anemics - anaplastic anemic crisis)
Bearing Babies [pregnant women] (hydrops fetalis

Vibrio: motility
"Vibrio Vibrates":
Vibrio is a genus of actively motile bacteria.

Endotoxin features
ENDOTOXIN:
Endothelial cells/ Edema
Negative (gram- bacteria)
DIC/ Death
Outer membrane
TNF
O-antigen
X-tremely heat stable
IL-1
Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis

Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms
ToRCHeS:
Toxoplasma
Rubella
CMV
Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E
Syphilis
· Alternatively: TORCHES: with Others (parvo, listeria), add HIV to H's, Enteroviruses.

Gram+: bacterial cell wall
· Gram+ has:
+hick pepidoglycan layer.
+eichoic acid in wall.

RNA viruses: negative stranded
"Always Bring Polymerase Or Fail Replication":
Arena
Bunya
Paramyxo
Orthomyxo
Filo
Rhabdo
· Note: Negative RNA viruses need there own polymerase.

Staphylococcus aureus: diseases caused
SOFT PAINS:
Skin infections
Osteomyelitis
Food poisoning
Toxic shock syndrome
Pneumonia
Acute endocarditis
Infective arthritis
Necrotizing fasciitis
Sepsis

RNA enveloped viruses
FORT ABC, Puerto Rico:
Flavivirus/ Filo
Orthomyxo
Retro
Toga
Arena
Bunya
Corona
Paramyxo
Rhabdo

Neisseria: fermentation of N. gonorrhoeae vs. N. meningitidis
Gonorrhoeae: Glucose fermenter only.
MeninGitidis: Maltose and Glucose fermenter.
· Maltose fermentation is a useful property to know, since it's the classic test to distinguish the Neisseria types.

Streptococci: classification by hemolytic ability
Gamma: Garbage (no hemolytic activity).
Alpha: Almost (almost lyse, but incomplete).
Beta: Best (complete lysis).

Syphilis vs. H. ducreyi (chancroid): which ulcer is painful
"In du-crey-i, you do cry (because it is painful)":
In H. ducreyi, the ulcer is painful, in syphilis the ulcer is painless.

Picornavirus: features
PICORNAvirus:
Positive sense
ICOsahedral
RNA virus

IgA protease-producing bacteria
"Nice Strip of Ham":
Neisseria
Streptococcus pneumonia
Haemophilus influenza

E. coli: diseases caused in presence of virulence factors
DUNG:
Diarrhea
UTI
Neonatal meningitis
Gram negative sepsis
· Dung, since contract E. coli from dung-contaminated water.

Meningitis: risk factors
"Can Induce Severe Attacks Of Head PAINS":
Cancer
Immunocompromised state
Sinusitis
Age extremes
Otitis
Head trauma
Parameningeal infection
Alcoholism
Infections (systemic, esp. respiratory)
Neurosurgical procedures
Splenectomy

Klebsiella
You tell the patient: "Get UPS you fat alcoholic":
UTI
Pneumonia
Sepsis
Fat capsule
Get up=nonmotile since no flagella.
Alcoholic=commonly seen in alcoholic and nosocomial patients

Urease positive organisms
PUNCH:
Proteus (leads to alkaline urine)
Ureaplasma (renal calculi)
Nocardia
Cryptoccocus (the fungus)
Helicobacter pylori

Capsulated bacteria
"Some Bacteria Have An Effective Paste Surrounding Membrane Yielding Pseudo Fort, Bypassing Killing":
Strep pneumonia
Bacteroides
H. influenza
Anthrax (B. anthracis)
E. coli
Pasteurella
Salmonella
Menigitidis (N. Menigitidis)
Yersinia pestis
Pseudomonas
Francisella
Brucella
Klebsiella

Toxoplasma gondii: clinical features
Cat reservoir: a cat.
Bug name is Gondii: cat has a Gandi head.
Cat fecal origin: cat is in the litter box.
Causes brain infection, diagnosed by CAT scan: a "CAT" scan of Gandi's brain.
Toxic to eyes: Gandi has cat eyes.
Lymph nodes enlarged: large nodes around neck.
Affects fetus: small kitten in womb.
AIDS patient commonly: cat is very skinny, like an AIDS patient.

DNA viruses: morphology rule of thumb
DNA:
Double-stranded
Nuclear replication
'Anhedral symmetry
· Rule breakers: pox (cytoplasmic), parvo (single-stranded).

Picorna viridae: members
PEECoRnA (Picorna is pronounced 'pee-corna')
Poliovirus
Echovirus
Enterovirus
Coronavirus
"R'novirus" (Rhinovirus)
Hepatitis A

Proteus: disease caused
Firstly, "PROTeus hates PROTons":
So what does it do to fight the protons? It has a urease that raises the pH.
Urea is in urine, so Proteus causes UTIs.

Diphtheria toxin properties
ABCDEF:
A/B-type toxin. Made by
Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which binds to
EF-2 (elongation factor 2).

Common cold: viral causes
"Common cold (acute infectious rhinitis, coryza) is PRIMArily caused by":
Paramyxoviruses
Rhinoviruses
Influenza viruses
Myxoviruses
Adenoviruses

Placenta-crossing organisms/ antenatal Infections
STARCH:
Syphilis
Toxoplasmosis
AIDS (HIV)
Rubella
CMV
Herpes/ Hepatitis

Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations
"My Cat Eats Mice":
Mononucleosis-like illness
Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection
Encephalitis
Myocarditis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis: culture identification

"Rough, Tough, Buff":
Rough: colony isn't smooth but rough like breadcrumbs.
Tough: colony stuck to plate well, and tough to remove.
Buff: buff is a color, a cream/coffee shade.

Staphylococci: novobiocin test to distinguish coagulase negative staphylococci
Staph epidermidis stays away from the novobiocin disc like an epidemic.
· Therefore, epidermidis is sensitive to novobiocin.
Staph saprophyticus, much friendlier, comes up to the disc and says, "'sap?'" [short for "whassup?", ie "what's up"].
· Therefore, saprophyticus is novobiocin resistant.

Tetanus: treatment for infection
SAD RAT:
Sedation
Antitoxin
Debridement
Relaxant
Antibiotic
Tracheostomy

Streptococci: Quellung reaction: positive sign, Strep type confirmed
"Quell-lung":
Quell: Capsules swell [+ve test].
Lung: S. pnuemonia [type confirmed].
· You get pneumonia in your lung.

Entameoba histolytica: disease caused, action
EntAmoeba causes Amoebic dysEntery.
Action: histo (cell) lytic (burst), so it bursts cells.

Pneumonia: causes: gram negative vs. gram positive
Gram Negatives (eg coliforms) are responsible mainly for Nosocomial pneumonia.
Gram positives (eg strep pneumonia, staph) are thus more responsible for community acquired pneumonia.

Trypanosoma brucei: disease caused
"I went on a TRYP to AFRICA":
TRYPanosoma brucei causes AFRICAn sleeping sickness.
Trichomaniasis: features
· 5 F's:
Flagella
Frothy discharge
Fishy odor (sometimes)
Fornication (STD)
Flagyl (metronidazole) Rx

Obligate anaerobes: members worth knowing
ABC:
Actinomyces
Bacteroides
Clostridium

Hemophilius: culture requirements
Read Hemophilus as "HemoFive":
· Needs Heme with Factors Five and Ten.

Pneumonia: acute pneumonia infiltrates from different causes
"Pyrogenic=PMN, Miscellaneous=Mononuclear":
Acute pneumonia caused by Pyogenic bacteria: PMN infiltrate.
Acute pneumonia caused by Miscellaneous microbes: Mononuclear infiltrate.

HIV infection: high-risk groups
HIV:
Homosexuals/ Hemophiliacs
IV drug abusers

Vaccines: types
STARK:
Subunit
Toxoid
Attenuated [live]
Recombinant
Killed [inactivated]

Chlamydia: elementary vs. initial body location
Elementary: Extracellular
Initial: Intracellular

Influenza infection: clinical manifestations
"Having Flu Symptoms Can Make Moaning Children A Nightmare":
Headache
Fever
Sore throat
Chills
Myalgias
Malaise
Cough
Anorexia
Nasal congestion

Meningitis: most common organisms
NHS:
Neisseria meningitidis
Hemophilus Influenzae
Streptococcus pneumonia
·The cause of the most Severe meningitis is Streptococcus

Endocarditis: lab results suggesting it
"High Tech Lab Results Point At Endocarditis":
Hematuria
Thrombocytopenia
Leukocytosis, -penia
Red blood cell casta
Proteinuria
Anemia
Elevated ESR



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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Pzr Ara 08, 2019 5:41 pm

Hurst's The Heart 14th Edition 2 Volumes / 2017

https://mega.nz/#!3mhWzKjB!t7u_GZvdqP5z ... HS81ee0mNw



Yuzune karsi soyleyemedini internet ortaminda bir baskasina yazarak asla soylemiyin bir abi tavsiyesi
dunya sanilanin aksine cok kucuktur Kim ne ekerse onu bicer yaptigi zulum haksizlik mutlaka gelir birgun kendisini bulur sonra dusunur niye bu benim basima geldi diye (hatirlamaz yaptigi haksizligi)


Iyi calismalar basarilar

Saygi ve hürmetlerimle

Dr.med. Onder Aydogmus

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Mesaj gönderen dr-arev » Pzr Ara 08, 2019 5:47 pm

Çok teşekkürler Hocam. Ellerinize sağlık...

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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Pzr Ara 08, 2019 5:52 pm

Rica ederim iyi calismalar basarilar dilerim

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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Prş Ara 12, 2019 9:43 pm

Primer on Kidney Diseases

NATIONAL KIDNEY FOUNDATION’S PRIMER ON KIDNEY DISEASES, SEVENTH EDITION
Copyright © 2018 by Elsevier, Inc.,

https://mega.nz/#!GqQ1xQBQ!8jBx1Y9Dh3rw ... gO_HPyHl0A

Saygi ve hürmetlerimle

Basarilar iyi calismalar

Dr.med. Onder Aydogmus

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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Cum Ara 13, 2019 2:02 am

Klicken Sie zum Anzeigen meiner Datei auf diesen Link:


https://1drv.ms/b/s!AiM57iXQq3t4gtJEJZ4aWo1rih4Qyg

PHARMACY STUDENT
SURVIVAL GUIDE
Second Edition
ve hürmetlerimle

Basarilar iyi calismalar

Dr.med. Onder Aydogmus

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Mesaj gönderen Doktor-1975 » Cmt Ara 14, 2019 3:34 am

Kitap asistanlara ve uzmanlara hitaben kaleme alinmistir pratisyen hekimlerin isine yaramaz Tus ile ilgili olup olmadigini bilmiyorum cünki tus sinavina giren birisi degilim dileyen download edebilir

Pharmacology and Physiology for Anesthesia 2nd Edition

https://yadi.sk/i/7Dd_CoaYvmRpVg

Iyi calismalar basarilar dilerim

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Mesaj gönderen konuralp » Pzt Oca 13, 2020 7:54 pm

Türkçe İngilizce karışık tıp/tus e-bookları olan drive linki ektedir.
https://drive.google.com/drive/u/2/fold ... HdBczZKWHM

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